Microsoft today announced that the Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL) is available for Windows Server as well. This will allow anyone to run tools they use in Linux environments alongside Cmd and PowerShell. Developers can try this out in the latest Windows Insider builds of Windows Server. Microsoft also made it clear that WSL on Windows Server is just a client just as with WSL on Windows Client. It will allow you to run jobs like MySQL, PostgreSQL, sshd, etc., but you can’t use it to run persistent Linux services, daemons, jobs, etc. as background tasks.
If you’re a server engineer that needs to run node.js, Ruby, Python, Perl, Bash scripts or other tools that expect Linux behaviors, environment or filesystem-layout, the ability to install and run Linux with WSL expands the tools at your disposal on Windows Server.
Check out the installation guide available here to get started. You need to run Windows Server Insider Build 16237 or later to try out this feature.