Developer Dave Amenta has just created the dream application for users who start their browsing on the desktop and continue it on their phone (likely in the bathroom).
The app, which has just been submitted in Marketplace, gives you the ability to quickly send links and selected text from within the desktop Chrome browser to your Windows Phone.
A push notification is sent to the phone, which will show up as a toast, and upon opening the app, a list of your most recent links and text are available, regardless of whether or not the push notification succeeded. From within the app, you may email the Title/URL/Text, or open the link.
The app is still waiting for Marketplace certification, but the software is already available for iPhone and Android, and the desktop portion can be downloaded here.